Johannes Franciscus van Pelt (*1813-†1895), Breda.

Around 1815 coppersmith Franciscus Dingeman van Pelt (*1778 - †1834) moves from the village of Dongen and sets up shop at Veemarkt A-547 (16A) in Breda. His son Johannes Franciscus van Pelt (*1813 - †1895) was apprenticed to brothers Adrianus and Pieter Bayens, instrument makers in Delft.[15] After the death of his father in 1834 Johannes  takes charge of the shop. He is then only 21 years old, but in the first few years he receives support from his maternal uncle Petrus Otten. His name first appears in the patent-register of the city of Breda in 1838 where he is listed as an instrument maker and shop keeper in self- made products. Van Pelt relocates to Lange Brugstraat C-7 in 1838 where he remains until at least 1850. Van Pelt moves again between 1850 and 1870 to the Boschstraat, exactly when is unknown. The earliest available Adresboek voor de Stad Breda of 1870 has Van Pelt at Boschstraat A-585 where he remains until his death in 1895.

 

The shop receives new impetus when sons Johannes Josephus (Jos) and and Charles Aloisius join company with their father, the new company is named J. van Pelt & Zonen. When established and how long the company existed is unknown. Johannes Josephus sets up his own shop at Havermarkt C-133 in 1872, and Charles at Veemarktstraat D-146 in 1878. Charles moves to Veemarkt 16 in 1886, the house where his grandfather Franciscus Dingeman first began. 

 

Not many instruments by Van Pelt have survived. Breda's Museum have 2 instruments by Van Pelt in their collection; a pantometer and a fire hose nozzle. In the Hollandse Cirkel's national database of historical geodetic instruments is a surveyor's cross by Van Pelt. The Kadaster Museum in Arnhem have ruling pens and a transformateur by Van Pelt.

 

Left: Boschstraat A-585 in 1830s. Courtesy of Rijksdienst Erfgoed Kadasterkaarten. Kadastrale kaart 1811-1832: minuutplan Breda, Noord Brabant, sectie B, blad 02 (MIN10027B02) 


J. Van Pelt & Zonen

Drawing set with ball-head dividers, in their original patina. The label in the lid indicates that Van Pelt is commissioned by the Koninklijke Militaire Academie (Royal Military Academy) in Breda. Case 222x124x26mm.


Transformateur by J. Van Pelt & Zonen

A brass transformateur, a simple device for calculating surface areas on a plan by the graphical method of transforming an irregular figure into a simpler shape such as a triangle. The inventor of the transformateur is Charles Frédéric Gelinsky (*1771-†1837) ingénieur vérificateur du cadastre in Angers who published a manual explaining its use in 1815. 204x25x2mm. See notes 3 to 13 below.

Gelinsky's Transformateur. Lecoy, François; Méthode simple et facile pour lever les plans, Paris 1846.


Charles van Pelt (*1848 - †1917)

All the instruments are missing from this set. The polished palisander wood case is domed and the corners rounded. The address on the label in the lid shows that this set is made after 1897 when house-numbers superceded the old district numbering system. Case 240x144x31mm.


Van Pelt's ruling pen

Two of these ruling pens are marked VAN PELT'S TREKPEN (trekpen=ruling pen). The one with the brass handle, the earliest one, is marked J. VAN PELT. The top blade is hinged on all three to facilitate cleaning. ca. 145mm long.


Van Pelt dividers

Two early dividers signed J. Van Pelt, dating from around 1850.


 

 

 

NOTES / REFERENCES

 

1. Johannes Franciscus van Pelt, Breda *1813 - †1895, fl. 1834-1895.

Carolus (Charles) Aloijsius Maria van Pelt, Breda *1848 - †1917, fl. 1878-1917.

Johannes (Jos) Josephus Maria van Pelt, Breda *1846 - †1912, fl. 1872-1912.

 

2. Sprangers, Hans; Van Pelt & Zonen Instrumentenmakers, Breda's Museum Post, vol. 6 (1997) nr. 3, p.6-7.

 

3. Stehouwer, Jan; De Transformateur, De Hollandse Cirkel, Jaargang 11 nr. 3, September 2009.

 

4. An early transformateur Calculateur Gélinski ou graphite is described in Foucard en Place; Livre de l'arpenteur-géomètre, Paris 1838,  p. 97 and illustration 54 and 55 on plate at end of book. The Gelinski transformateur was improved by Dasnoy and described in his 1856 booklet Instruction sur l'usage de Calculateur-Rapporteur de Gelinsky, perfectionne par Dasnoy, Geometre du Cadastre... 

 

5. Charles-Frederic Gelinski appointed Ingénieur-Vérificateur du Cadastre by Royal decree no. 386, 1814.

 

6. Lecoy, François; Méthode simple et facile pour lever les plans, Paris 1846. (excellent illustration plate 14!), e-rara ETH Bibliothek

 

7. Description du Calculateur de M. Gelinsky, et manière de s'en servir. Par M. S****, Ingénieur-Vérificateur du Cadastre Impr. de Vve Bizette, 1815.

 

8. An interesting bio is given of Gelinski in Annales de Haute Provence 1983, Issues 295-298, p. 106: 

Frédéric Charles Gelinski, noble polonais originaire de Wilna, fait prisonnier en 1792 avec son régiment autrichien. Il demeura en France et fut admis aux Ponts et Chaussées a Troyes, puis, en 1812, en Hollande, alors contrôlée par la France. Naturalisé en 1814 il devint chef du Cadastre à Angers et fut envoyé en disgrâce à Digne aprés la révolution de juillet [1830]. Il y mourut le 18 octobre 1837. 

 

9. Bulletin des lois de la République française 5e Série, 1815, p. 104; 

(N.° 691.) Ordonnance du Roi qui accorde des Lettres de déclaration de natur alité... Au S.r Charles-Frédéric Gelinsky ingénieur- vérificateur du cadastre, né à Wilna en Pologne, le 10 août 1771...

 

10. A short bio of Dasnoy is given in Annales de l'Institut archéologique du Luxembourg, 1900, Volumes 35-36, p. 173:

DASNOY (Jean - Baptiste), contrôleur du cadastre à Arlon, ne à Massul, commune de Longlier, Je 10 juin 1818, mort à Namur, le 9 novembre 1886. 

 

11. Zeitschrift für Vermessungswesen 1874. Doll, M.: Instrument zur Verwandlung von Vielecken in Dreiecke durch Parallelabschieben. Band 3, S. 83.

 

12. Galle, Prof. Dr. A. : Geodäsie, Göschensche Verlagshandlung, Leipzig 1907, p. 7-9.

 

13. De Calculateur Gelinski of Graphite: Nieuw Nederlandsch Magazijn, Volume 46, 1850, page 404-405. Google Books

 

13. Digitale Stamboom, Adresboeken; Stadsarchief Gemeente Breda 

 

14. Brabants Historisch Informatie Centrum

 

15. Brückman, - H.W.L. ; Instrumentenmakersindustrie te Delft; Bijdragen voor Vaderlandsche Geschiedenis en Oudheidkunde, 1918, p. 97-112. resources.huygens.knaw.nl